C++实现md5加密或计算文件的唯一性识别

由于网络上传了很多关于C++实现md5加密的类,至于那个是原创,我不敢妄加猜想,只是这里我声明我是转载的,并支持原创。

对md5加密算法,我提供两文件:

#ifndef MD5_H
#define MD5_H

#include <string>
#include <fstream>

/* Type define */
typedef unsigned char byte;
typedef unsigned int uint32;

using std::string;
using std::ifstream;

/* MD5 declaration. */
class MD5 {
public:
MD5();
MD5(const void* input, size_t length);
MD5(const string& str);
MD5(ifstream& in);
void update(const void* input, size_t length);
void update(const string& str);
void update(ifstream& in);
const byte* digest();
string toString();
void reset();
string ToMD5(const string& str);//如此,只需调用该函数便完成加密进程

private:
void update(const byte* input, size_t length);
void final();
void transform(const byte block[64]);
void encode(const uint32* input, byte* output, size_t length);
void decode(const byte* input, uint32* output, size_t length);
string bytesToHexString(const byte* input, size_t length);

/* class uncopyable */
MD5(const MD5&);
MD5& operator=(const MD5&);

private:
uint32 _state[4]; /* state (ABCD) */
uint32 _count[2]; /* number of bits, modulo 2^64 (low-order word first) */
byte _buffer[64]; /* input buffer */
byte _digest[16]; /* message digest */
bool _finished; /* calculate finished ? */

static const byte PADDING[64]; /* padding for calculate */
static const char HEX[16];
enum { BUFFER_SIZE = 1024 };
};

#endif /*MD5_H*/

#include "md5.h"
#include "string.h"
const string MD5_Key="wow";
using namespace std;

/* Constants for MD5Transform routine. */
#define S11 7
#define S12 12
#define S13 17
#define S14 22
#define S21 5
#define S22 9
#define S23 14
#define S24 20
#define S31 4
#define S32 11
#define S33 16
#define S34 23
#define S41 6
#define S42 10
#define S43 15
#define S44 21

/* F, G, H and I are basic MD5 functions.
*/
#define F(x, y, z) (((x) & (y)) | ((~x) & (z)))
#define G(x, y, z) (((x) & (z)) | ((y) & (~z)))
#define H(x, y, z) ((x) ^ (y) ^ (z))
#define I(x, y, z) ((y) ^ ((x) | (~z)))

/* ROTATE_LEFT rotates x left n bits.
*/
#define ROTATE_LEFT(x, n) (((x) << (n)) | ((x) >> (32-(n))))

/* FF, GG, HH, and II transformations for rounds 1, 2, 3, and 4.
Rotation is separate from addition to prevent recomputation.
*/
#define FF(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) { (a) += F ((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + ac; (a) = ROTATE_LEFT ((a), (s)); (a) += (b); }
#define GG(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) { (a) += G ((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + ac; (a) = ROTATE_LEFT ((a), (s)); (a) += (b); }
#define HH(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) { (a) += H ((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + ac; (a) = ROTATE_LEFT ((a), (s)); (a) += (b); }
#define II(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) { (a) += I ((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + ac; (a) = ROTATE_LEFT ((a), (s)); (a) += (b); }

const byte MD5::PADDING[64] = { 0x80 };
const char MD5::HEX[16] = {
'0', '1', '2', '3',
'4', '5', '6', '7',
'8', '9', 'a', 'b',
'c', 'd', 'e', 'f'
};

/* Default construct. */
MD5::MD5() {
reset();
}

/* Construct a MD5 object with a input buffer. */
MD5::MD5(const void* input, size_t length) {
reset();
update(input, length);
}

/* Construct a MD5 object with a string. */
MD5::MD5(const string& str) {
reset();
update(str);
}

/* Construct a MD5 object with a file. */
MD5::MD5(ifstream& in) {
reset();
update(in);
}

/* Return the message-digest */
const byte* MD5::digest() {

if (!_finished) {
_finished = true;
final();
}
return _digest;
}

/* Reset the calculate state */
void MD5::reset() {

_finished = false;
/* reset number of bits. */
_count[0] = _count[1] = 0;
/* Load magic initialization constants. */
_state[0] = 0x67452301;
_state[1] = 0xefcdab89;
_state[2] = 0x98badcfe;
_state[3] = 0x10325476;
}

/* Updating the context with a input buffer. */
void MD5::update(const void* input, size_t length) {
update((const byte*)input, length);
}

/* Updating the context with a string. */
void MD5::update(const string& str) {
update((const byte*)str.c_str(), str.length());
}

/* Updating the context with a file. */
void MD5::update(ifstream& in) {

if (!in) {
return;
}

std::streamsize length;
char buffer[BUFFER_SIZE];
while (!in.eof()) {
in.read(buffer, BUFFER_SIZE);
length = in.gcount();
if (length > 0) {
update(buffer, length);
}
}
in.close();
}

/* MD5 block update operation. Continues an MD5 message-digest
operation, processing another message block, and updating the
context.
*/
void MD5::update(const byte* input, size_t length) {

uint32 i, index, partLen;

_finished = false;

/* Compute number of bytes mod 64 */
index = (uint32)((_count[0] >> 3) & 0x3f);

/* update number of bits */
if ((_count[0] += ((uint32)length << 3)) < ((uint32)length << 3)) {
++_count[1];
}
_count[1] += ((uint32)length >> 29);

partLen = 64 – index;

/* transform as many times as possible. */
if (length >= partLen) {

memcpy(&_buffer[index], input, partLen);
transform(_buffer);

for (i = partLen; i + 63 < length; i += 64) {
transform(&input[i]);
}
index = 0;

} else {
i = 0;
}

/* Buffer remaining input */
memcpy(&_buffer[index], &input[i], length – i);
}

/* MD5 finalization. Ends an MD5 message-_digest operation, writing the
the message _digest and zeroizing the context.
*/
void MD5::final() {

byte bits[8];
uint32 oldState[4];
uint32 oldCount[2];
uint32 index, padLen;

/* Save current state and count. */
memcpy(oldState, _state, 16);
memcpy(oldCount, _count, 8);

/* Save number of bits */
encode(_count, bits, 8);

/* Pad out to 56 mod 64. */
index = (uint32)((_count[0] >> 3) & 0x3f);
padLen = (index < 56) ? (56 – index) : (120 – index);
update(PADDING, padLen);

/* Append length (before padding) */
update(bits, 8);

/* Store state in digest */
encode(_state, _digest, 16);

/* Restore current state and count. */
memcpy(_state, oldState, 16);
memcpy(_count, oldCount, 8);
}

/* MD5 basic transformation. Transforms _state based on block. */
void MD5::transform(const byte block[64]) {

uint32 a = _state[0], b = _state[1], c = _state[2], d = _state[3], x[16];

decode(block, x, 64);

/* Round 1 */
FF (a, b, c, d, x[ 0], S11, 0xd76aa478); /* 1 */
FF (d, a, b, c, x[ 1], S12, 0xe8c7b756); /* 2 */
FF (c, d, a, b, x[ 2], S13, 0x242070db); /* 3 */
FF (b, c, d, a, x[ 3], S14, 0xc1bdceee); /* 4 */
FF (a, b, c, d, x[ 4], S11, 0xf57c0faf); /* 5 */
FF (d, a, b, c, x[ 5], S12, 0x4787c62a); /* 6 */
FF (c, d, a, b, x[ 6], S13, 0xa8304613); /* 7 */
FF (b, c, d, a, x[ 7], S14, 0xfd469501); /* 8 */
FF (a, b, c, d, x[ 8], S11, 0x698098d8); /* 9 */
FF (d, a, b, c, x[ 9], S12, 0x8b44f7af); /* 10 */
FF (c, d, a, b, x[10], S13, 0xffff5bb1); /* 11 */
FF (b, c, d, a, x[11], S14, 0x895cd7be); /* 12 */
FF (a, b, c, d, x[12], S11, 0x6b901122); /* 13 */
FF (d, a, b, c, x[13], S12, 0xfd987193); /* 14 */
FF (c, d, a, b, x[14], S13, 0xa679438e); /* 15 */
FF (b, c, d, a, x[15], S14, 0x49b40821); /* 16 */

/* Round 2 */
GG (a, b, c, d, x[ 1], S21, 0xf61e2562); /* 17 */
GG (d, a, b, c, x[ 6], S22, 0xc040b340); /* 18 */
GG (c, d, a, b, x[11], S23, 0x265e5a51); /* 19 */
GG (b, c, d, a, x[ 0], S24, 0xe9b6c7aa); /* 20 */
GG (a, b, c, d, x[ 5], S21, 0xd62f105d); /* 21 */
GG (d, a, b, c, x[10], S22, 0x2441453); /* 22 */
GG (c, d, a, b, x[15], S23, 0xd8a1e681); /* 23 */
GG (b, c, d, a, x[ 4], S24, 0xe7d3fbc8); /* 24 */
GG (a, b, c, d, x[ 9], S21, 0x21e1cde6); /* 25 */
GG (d, a, b, c, x[14], S22, 0xc33707d6); /* 26 */
GG (c, d, a, b, x[ 3], S23, 0xf4d50d87); /* 27 */
GG (b, c, d, a, x[ 8], S24, 0x455a14ed); /* 28 */
GG (a, b, c, d, x[13], S21, 0xa9e3e905); /* 29 */
GG (d, a, b, c, x[ 2], S22, 0xfcefa3f8); /* 30 */
GG (c, d, a, b, x[ 7], S23, 0x676f02d9); /* 31 */
GG (b, c, d, a, x[12], S24, 0x8d2a4c8a); /* 32 */

/* Round 3 */
HH (a, b, c, d, x[ 5], S31, 0xfffa3942); /* 33 */
HH (d, a, b, c, x[ 8], S32, 0x8771f681); /* 34 */
HH (c, d, a, b, x[11], S33, 0x6d9d6122); /* 35 */
HH (b, c, d, a, x[14], S34, 0xfde5380c); /* 36 */
HH (a, b, c, d, x[ 1], S31, 0xa4beea44); /* 37 */
HH (d, a, b, c, x[ 4], S32, 0x4bdecfa9); /* 38 */
HH (c, d, a, b, x[ 7], S33, 0xf6bb4b60); /* 39 */
HH (b, c, d, a, x[10], S34, 0xbebfbc70); /* 40 */
HH (a, b, c, d, x[13], S31, 0x289b7ec6); /* 41 */
HH (d, a, b, c, x[ 0], S32, 0xeaa127fa); /* 42 */
HH (c, d, a, b, x[ 3], S33, 0xd4ef3085); /* 43 */
HH (b, c, d, a, x[ 6], S34, 0x4881d05); /* 44 */
HH (a, b, c, d, x[ 9], S31, 0xd9d4d039); /* 45 */
HH (d, a, b, c, x[12], S32, 0xe6db99e5); /* 46 */
HH (c, d, a, b, x[15], S33, 0x1fa27cf8); /* 47 */
HH (b, c, d, a, x[ 2], S34, 0xc4ac5665); /* 48 */

/* Round 4 */
II (a, b, c, d, x[ 0], S41, 0xf4292244); /* 49 */
II (d, a, b, c, x[ 7], S42, 0x432aff97); /* 50 */
II (c, d, a, b, x[14], S43, 0xab9423a7); /* 51 */
II (b, c, d, a, x[ 5], S44, 0xfc93a039); /* 52 */
II (a, b, c, d, x[12], S41, 0x655b59c3); /* 53 */
II (d, a, b, c, x[ 3], S42, 0x8f0ccc92); /* 54 */
II (c, d, a, b, x[10], S43, 0xffeff47d); /* 55 */
II (b, c, d, a, x[ 1], S44, 0x85845dd1); /* 56 */
II (a, b, c, d, x[ 8], S41, 0x6fa87e4f); /* 57 */
II (d, a, b, c, x[15], S42, 0xfe2ce6e0); /* 58 */
II (c, d, a, b, x[ 6], S43, 0xa3014314); /* 59 */
II (b, c, d, a, x[13], S44, 0x4e0811a1); /* 60 */
II (a, b, c, d, x[ 4], S41, 0xf7537e82); /* 61 */
II (d, a, b, c, x[11], S42, 0xbd3af235); /* 62 */
II (c, d, a, b, x[ 2], S43, 0x2ad7d2bb); /* 63 */
II (b, c, d, a, x[ 9], S44, 0xeb86d391); /* 64 */

_state[0] += a;
_state[1] += b;
_state[2] += c;
_state[3] += d;
}

/* Encodes input (ulong) into output (byte). Assumes length is
a multiple of 4.
*/
void MD5::encode(const uint32* input, byte* output, size_t length) {

for (size_t i = 0, j = 0; j < length; ++i, j += 4) {
output[j]= (byte)(input[i] & 0xff);
output[j + 1] = (byte)((input[i] >> 8) & 0xff);
output[j + 2] = (byte)((input[i] >> 16) & 0xff);
output[j + 3] = (byte)((input[i] >> 24) & 0xff);
}
}

/* Decodes input (byte) into output (ulong). Assumes length is
a multiple of 4.
*/
void MD5::decode(const byte* input, uint32* output, size_t length) {

for (size_t i = 0, j = 0; j < length; ++i, j += 4) {
output[i] = ((uint32)input[j]) | (((uint32)input[j + 1]) << 8) |
(((uint32)input[j + 2]) << 16) | (((uint32)input[j + 3]) << 24);
}
}

/* Convert byte array to hex string. */
string MD5::bytesToHexString(const byte* input, size_t length) {

string str;
str.reserve(length << 1);
for (size_t i = 0; i < length; ++i) {
int t = input[i];
int a = t / 16;
int b = t % 16;
str.append(1, HEX[a]);
str.append(1, HEX[b]);
}
return str;
}

/* Convert digest to string value */
string MD5::toString() {
return bytesToHexString(digest(), 16);
}

string MD5::ToMD5(const string& str) //MD5加密,其中密钥key=xyf,密钥需加在加密之前
{
const string str_word=str+MD5_Key;
reset();
update(str_word);
return toString();
}

那末如何调用呢?

MD5 md5; //定义MD5的类
md5.update("xxxxxx");//由于update函数只接收string类型,所以使用getbuffer()函数转换CString为string
char*p = md5.toString().c_str();

不过值得注意的是你如果还要计算另外一个字符串的md5值,那末你得调用md5.reset()方法重置

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波比源码 » C++实现md5加密或计算文件的唯一性识别

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