# 【最大流|关键边】ZOJ-1532 Internship

Internship
Time Limit: 5 Seconds Memory Limit: 32768 KB

CIA headquarter collects data from across the country through its classified network. They have been using optical fibres long before it’s been deployed on any civilian projects. However they are still under a lot pressure recently because the data are growing rapidly. As a result they are considering upgrading the network with new technologies that provide a few times wider bandwidth. In the experiemental stage, they would like to upgrade one segment of their original network in order to see how it performs. And as a CIA intern it’s your responsibility to investigate which segment could actually help increase the total bandwidth the headquarter receives, suppose that all the cities have infinite data to send and the routing algorithm is optimized. As they have prepared the data for you in a few minutes, you are told that they need the result immediately. Well, practically immediately.

Input

Input contains multiple test cases. First line of each test case contains three integers n, m and l, they represent the number of cities, the number of relay stations and the number of segments. Cities will be referred to as integers from 1 to n, while relay stations use integers from n+1 to n+m. You can saves assume that n + m <= 100, l <= 1000 (all of them are positive). The headquarter is identified by the integer 0.

The next l lines hold a segment on each line in the form of a b c, where a is the source node and b is the target node, while c is its bandwidth. They are all integers where a and b are valid identifiers (from 0 to n+m). c is positive. For some reason the data links are all directional.

The input is terminated by a test case with n = 0. You can safely assume that your calculation can be housed within 32-bit integers.

Output

For each test print the segment id’s that meets the criteria. The result is printed in a single line and sorted in ascending order, with a single space as the separator. If none of the segment meets the criteria, just print an empty line. The segment id is 1 based not 0 based.
Sample Input

2 1 3
1 3 2
3 0 1
2 0 1
2 1 3
1 3 1
2 3 1
3 0 2
0 0 0

Sample Output

2 3

```/* * ID: j.sure.1 * PROG: * LANG: C++ */ #include <cstdio> #include <cstdlib> #include <cstring> #include <algorithm> #include <ctime> #include <cmath> #include <stack> #include <queue> #include <vector> #include <map> #include <set> #include <string> #include <climits> #include <iostream> #define PB push_back #define LL long long using namespace std; const int INF = 0x3f3f3f3f; const double eps = 1e⑻; /****************************************/ const int N = 100 + 5, M = 3e3 + 5; int n, m, l, tot, src, sink; struct Edge { int u, v, w, next; Edge(){} Edge(int _u, int _v, int _w, int _next): u(_u), v(_v), w(_w), next(_next){} }e[M]; int head[N], cur[N], s[N], lev[N]; int line[M]; bool vis1[N], vis2[N]; void init() { memset(head, -1, sizeof(head)); memset(vis1, 0, sizeof(vis1)); memset(vis2, 0, sizeof(vis2)); tot = 0; } void add(int u, int v, int w) { e[tot] = Edge(u, v, w, head[u]); head[u] = tot++; e[tot] = Edge(v, u, 0, head[v]); head[v] = tot++; } bool bfs() { queue <int> q; memset(lev, -1, sizeof(lev)); lev[src] = 0; q.push(src); while(!q.empty()) { int u = q.front(); q.pop(); for(int i = head[u]; ~i; i = e[i].next) { int v = e[i].v; if(e[i].w && lev[v] == -1) { lev[v] = lev[u] + 1; q.push(v); if(v == sink) return true; } } } return false; } int Dinic() { int ret = 0; while(bfs()) { memcpy(cur, head, sizeof(cur)); int u = src, top = 0; while(1) { if(u == sink) { int mini = INF, loc; for(int i = 0; i < top; i++) { if(mini > e[s[i]].w) { mini = e[s[i]].w; loc = i; } } for(int i = 0; i < top; i++) { e[s[i]].w -= mini; e[s[i]^1].w += mini; } ret += mini; top = loc; u = e[s[top]].u; } int &i = cur[u]; for(; ~i; i = e[i].next) { int v = e[i].v; if(e[i].w && lev[v] == lev[u] + 1) break; } if(~i) { s[top++] = i; u = e[i].v; } else { if(!top) break; lev[u] = -1; u = e[s[--top]].u; } } } return ret; } void dfs1(int u) { vis1[u] = 1; for(int i = head[u]; ~i; i = e[i].next) { int v = e[i].v; if(!vis1[v] && e[i].w) dfs1(v); } } void dfs2(int u) { vis2[u] = 1; for(int i = head[u]; ~i; i = e[i].next) { int v = e[i].v; if(!vis2[v] && e[i^1].w) dfs2(v); } } ```

```int main() { #ifdef J_Sure freopen("000.in", "r", stdin); //freopen("999.out", "w", stdout); #endif while(scanf("%d%d%d", &n, &m, &l), n) { int u, v, w; init(); src = n+m+1; sink = 0; for(int i = 1; i <= n; i++) { add(src, i, INF); } for(int i = 0; i < l; i++) { scanf("%d%d%d", &u, &v, &w); line[i] = tot;//存储每条网段，省去了编号进程 add(u, v, w); } Dinic(); dfs1(src); dfs2(sink); bool fir = false; for(int i = 0; i < l; i++) { if(!e[line[i]].w && vis1[e[line[i]].u] && vis2[e[line[i]].v]) { if(fir) printf(" "); fir = true; printf("%d", i+1); } } puts(""); } return 0; }```

1. 如果仅对该边的容量进行增减，最大流就会因此增减。 ?
2. 仅仅具有不同色彩才能保证该边上增大的流量可以从源点到达汇点。 ?

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